Or the importance of the job. What four problematic challenges for many Native Americans are discussed? removed an additional 70,000 Native Americans to the west of the Mississippi, Native Americans had no legitimate power to resist their relocation, More than 600 treaties have been made with tribes, often through coercion, and sometimes with the approval of a handful of Native Americans whose views did not represent the views of their respective tribes, One: Native Americans became isolated from the rest of American society= isolation facilitated may tribes efforts to maintain their own languages, religions, and cultures; on the other hand, isolation tended to impede or restrict their economic and social development. Sue and Sue opinion on domestic violence? There are 574 federally recognized tribes living within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations. The history of American Indians before European contact is broadly divided into three major periods: the Paleo-Indian period, the Archaic period (8000–1000 b.c. the clients' educational history, employment history, religion, language, tribal affiliation, political participation, social relations, and daily lives. Gene seemed to greadually accept that he has had arguably a fortunate life growing up in a culture that at elast in regard to sexuality is relaxed and tolerant and that his friend david had not been so fortunate. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Most Native American communities organized as tribes with their environment severely impacting and shaping their lives. ), and the Woodland period (1000 b.c.–1600 a.d.). George Washington and Henry Knox were first to propose, in an American context, the cultural assimilation of Native Americans. What is the overall picture of when Native Americans and Whites coexisted relatively peacefully? Describe the difference between Native and European land use views. The number of Native Americans quickly shrank by roughly half following European contact about 500 years ago, according to a new genetic study. Europeans viewed the Indians as education, and with poor practices like their legislation, economics, government, style of living, faith, real estate ownership. "We found that disease didn't really start to take effect until after … California, Oklahoma, Arizona, New Mexico, Washington, Alaska, North Carolina, Texas, New York, and Michigan. Describe the difference between Native and European religion/spiritual beliefs. ... Pre-colonization European society. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Other example of Hopi boys and girls caught having sex while at boarding school. Practice: Native American societies before European contact. Practice your historical skills with a quiz on pre-contact native societies. passage of the Indian child welfare act and the american indian religious freedom act in 1978(practice own religion). Native Americans, also known as American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States, sometimes including Hawaii and territories of the United States and sometimes limited to the mainland. What should therapists determine about environmental facts? What did Genes association with David expose him to what idea? Native American societies changed quickly after coming into contact with Europeans. the next morning she questioned him as to whether he was the only boy involved. Describe the difference between Native and European function and views on economics. individual tribes; ex: Sioux all brothers of one's grandfather are grandfathers to the person. participation in the program reduced feelings of hopeless ness and suicidal thoughts compared to a control group. How did Europeans perceive Native Americans as? Why should therapists take the initiative to learn about the unique aspects of clients' tribes? regards to sexuality. eWhat should therapy sessions entail that puts them at ease, thus facilitating their willingness to discuss their concerns? Native Americans focus on the spiritual aspects of life, rather than materialism and the accumulation of wealth? They adopted European technologies and foods, and built in the European style. N: Valued women, family, valor over wealth, and land. 39% less compared to 29%to the rest of the U.S. population. providing europen/american based education to indigenous children but of converting native americans to christianity. BIA selected how many native americans to be relocated to urban areas in various parts of the country? Start studying AP U.S History - Chapter 1 - Native Americans & European Contact. I am talking about Native American societies before Columbus' arrival in 1492. African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. conflicts about ethnic identity and internalized racism. How many native americans are less than 30 years of ? The Europeans considered these ethnic traits of these Americans might with problem be altered to resemble civilizations. Because such documents are extremely rare, those interested in the Native American past also draw information from traditional … On native americans doubts about one's belief system can trigger or exacerbate an identity crisis? The Native American did benefit from European Colonization at least a little. Describe the difference between Native and European relationship to environment. empower Native American clients to choose for themselves to the degree to which they want to maintain Native American, American, some combined set of cultural values. European settlers deliberately played different Native American tribes against one another, using a “divide and conquer” strategy. ow are the relationships of Native Americans with the spirit world mediated? Most Native Americans are characterized to what religion? How did "buffalo bill" cody earn is reputation? Although to modern observers this policy looks both patronising and racist, the white elite that dominated US society saw it as a civilising mission, comparable to the work of European missionaries in Africa. by offereing a harmless but important self disclosure about his own moments of confusion, including having sought therapy. Small population. Native American identity in the United States is an evolving topic based on the struggle to define "Native American" or "(American) Indian" both for people who consider themselves Native American and for people who do not.Some people seek an identity that will provide for a stable definition for legal, social, and personal purposes. question both his sexual predilection and his identity as a Native American. internalized negative stereotypes about native american culture. Lesson summary: Native American societies before contact. Spend the rest of his life trying to explain the atrocities in the Americas to the European court -> warned the King that if he didn't take action to protect the natives, God would punish the Spanish. After death what happens to the human spirit? Start studying Native American Societies Before European Contact. What is usually involved in problems of domestic violence and suicide? their struggle to live in two worlds with two discrepant sets of assumptions, values, and expectations. Negative, positive, or neutral. Modern historians no longer see the encounters between Native Americans and Europeans through the old lens in which “discoverers of a New World” find a “wilderness” inhabited by “savages.” The disease unintentionally introduced by Europeans to the New World, such as small pox and the common cold virus, were responsible for killing how many native people? How did the threpaist take advantage of gene's reticence? When groups of Natives divided in the Winter for better chance of survival, the Europeans took to killing these small groups because it was easier. Native Americans and colonization: the 16th and 17th centuries. entailed role playing, self-esteem building, identifying feelings and stress, and setting personal and community goals. How many distinct tribes are within the United States? Among the Hopi, maternal uncles have primary responsibility for what? What does reinforcing their strengths counter? 1790 Act granted what to Native Americans? Note that Native Americans did trade with one another before European contact (myth of self-sufficient Indian tribes), but their surpluses were circulated as part of ceremonial exchanges, not shipped off to seemly insatiable European market economy. Native americans are challenged by having to live in one culture that seemingly are diametrically opposed to one another in beliefs and values? For many indigenous nations, however, the first impressions of Europeans … Get an answer for 'How did contact between European arrivals and native people of America affect both groups?' What were the consequences of the urbanization program? Despite the emphasis on social harmony and cooperation what is fairly pervasive in many of their communities? One: educate Gene about some differences between white american and Native american cultrues, with the ultimate goal being to inoculate him from as man of the toxic aspects of the larger society as possible; the other broad goal was to validate and reinforce his native american experiences and identity, how both white cultrue and even may ethnic minority cultures have negative views of individuals having sexual relations with others of the same gender. What are the longstanding struggle they have to deal with? What kind of pressures do they receive from their parents? Type conflict and cooperation between Native Americans, Africans, and Europeans led to the development of North America colonial society through 1750 because the conflict was significant in this development through slavery, land ownership, disputes, and natural resources' distribution. The Native Americans had an old way of thinking and doing things compared to the new and comparatively modern ways of Europe. What must therapists determine in terms of the clients tribe? Known as the Jamestown Massacre, the bloodbath gave the English government an excuse to justify their efforts to attack Indians and confiscate their land. What is not valued as a means for excelling at the expense of others? european based customs, values, language, dress, hairstyle, and religious doctrine. Native American - Native American - Native American history: The thoughts and perspectives of indigenous individuals, especially those who lived during the 15th through 19th centuries, have survived in written form less often than is optimal for the historian. Why should therapists be cautious about applying middle call white american standards to native americans' behaviors? Who introduced alcohol to Native Americans? Rank was given by amount of work and how good you were at it. Practice: Native American societies before European contact. Native American and White adolescents considered themselves to be gay or lesbian fairly equally? How can the values of Native Americans, including their religious beliefs seem? there appears to be more acceptance of homosexuality among most native american tribes relative to mainstream, white america? ought to be proud of their ancestry irrespective of their specific ethnic background. a historical account, some cultural values and characteristics believed to be relatively common to many people of Native American ancestry, and issues pertinent to assessment and treatment are addressed. rearing children; that is a child's biological father has more responsibility tending to his nieces and nephews on his sisters' side of the family than to his own children. ", Gene's expereinces with David had exposed him to the larger culture's general alck of acceptance of homosexuality. profound and pervasive feeling of not belonging, feeling devalued because they are Native American, and having no sense of purpose in life. The main How many Native Americans indicated that they were unsure of their sexual orientation? Native American (from the Hopi nation) grew up on a reservation in Arizona; as adolescent had sexual relationships with girls had a three year old son; experienced sexual relationships with boys too;; non of his relationships had ever been a problem for him or for his family and friends; recently moved to Phoenix to pursue employment and been affiliating with non native americans, David is white had a sexual relationship with; David self identifies as gay and talks about how he is gay. No other ethnic group that has lived in the Americas has suffered as much as Native Americans. In the Americas, “first contact” almost always refers to first contact between indigenous peoples and Europeans in the 16th and 17th centuries. United States - United States - The Native American response: The other major players in this struggle for control of North America were, of course, the American Indians. What is emphasized thereby minimizing interpersonal conflicts or interference? How many adult Native americans considered themselves to be exclusively heterosexual? what is the most common birth defect among Native Americas? Before that time, the continent was an unknown place to them. eradicate Native American language, culture, and religion-all of which were deemed inferior to English, White american culture, and Christianity. A group of people with shared behaviors, or religion. What topic do counselors need to approach with sensitivity given the likely reluctance of some Native Americans to discuss this aspect of their family life with outsiders? African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. Although man Native American tribes are patriarchal, others are matriarchal, and some are egalitarian? Where did there perception of time diverge from? What is uncommon for Native American women particularly those on reservations? American Indians at European Contact Originally published as "Earliest American Explorers: Adventure and Survival". Native Americans Pre-Contact (Prior to 1492) • Over 10,000 years before Columbus, people came to the Americas via the Bering Strait • Native Americans developed a wide variety of social, political, and economic structures based upon interactions with each other and the environment. What is the population of Native Americans? share some personal, appropriate information about themselves with the clients during the first interview. What do you do when your trying to develop rapport with Native American clients? both positive experiences with new opportunities to learn about divers world views and customes, along with negative experiences, incdluing encounters with individuals who may condemn him for his sexual flexibility and possibly his Native american heritage. Boarding schools of that nature exist because of what? improve therapists ability to discern between genuine psychopathology versus normative behaviors and attitudes within a client's tribe; also demonstrate to native american clients that the therapist respects native american culture and beliefs. with respect; seen the earth as "mother" in the sense that it was the source of all of their needs and it must be protected and revered ; also believe in sharing, caring for families and communities. What's the Western Point of view of Shamans? From 1879 to 1978 tribal elders were informed what about Native American children? therapists must be prepared to evaluate the possibility of family violence, depression, alcoholism, or substance abuse and suicidality? The _________ the population the more likely the society was a _____________ society. European settlers fed livestock with European grains. Gene: don't really label ourselves based on whe we have sex with; no one takes notice and no one really cares; he has never given much thought about whether I prefer men or women (thus why he is confused). Slowly, the landscape of North America changed as native grasses gave way to foreign varieties. Hopi reservation: matron made them undress except for our underwear, kneels and put our elbows o the bed. Months after landing, Ponce de Leon is attacked by local Native Americans and fatally wounded. Between 1887 and 1933, US government policy aimed to assimilate Indians into mainstream American society. 18 year old man who appeard cautious during intake session; What was his response in coming to therapy? In contrast with European religion, however, Native American spirituality did not set forth a distinction between the supernatural and the natural; rather, Indians believed the “material” and … Then explain why it was or was not a good thing that European culture prevailed. Domesticated animals that were used to hunt and travel. Other tribes were primitive, supersitious, and lived at subsistence levels. What are the four categories of Native population sizes? How many are self-identified as Native American in the 2000 Census? Little to no gathering or planting. In hospitals that provide services primarily to Native Americans about how many of hospitalizations are for alcohol related problems? that david is reaction to his own expreinces of having grown up in a relatively antigay culture and why david in the eyes of gene seemed so focused on his sexual orientation and identity as a gay person. and find homework help for other European Exploration of America questions at eNotes What did Whites do in order to drive indigenous people away from the lands wanted by settlers? ", What is the U.S. legal definition of "indigenous?". What spirits are revered anc called upon to help in numerous contexts; they also are believed to be responsible for bad events? What was the goal of the educational and missionary programs? Why would therapists consider encouraging Native American clients to construct a family genogram? As we lined up to go to breakfast on the following day, which was the Sabbath, Mr.Burton came with a paper in his hand. African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. "In the Southwest, first contact between native people and Europeans occurred in 1539," Liebmann said. Mormon church still are encouraged to take Native american children into their homes for one or more academic semesters? Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. This is the currently selected item. Soon we heard strapping. What is the Background information on Gene? In 1636, the Pequot Warover trade expansion broke out between Pequot Indians and English settlers of Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut. by John W. Kincheloe, III Used with permission from Tar Heel Junior Historian 47: 1 (Fall 2007): 6-8, copyright North Carolina Museum of History.. European explorers came to the "New World" o f North America in the 1500s. What other psychological problems may have social origins? lives on and exerts power over those still living. around 9 million at the time of European contact. The ideas and history attached to the word can alter the connotation. The English and Native American relationship changed drastically due to two main factors: English seeking religious freedom and economic prosperity. How? move Native Americans onto designated areas referred to as "reservations". Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What three sections is this chapter divided into? to be able to believe that their customs are not inferior, their religious beliefs are no less valid than other religious beliefs, and their identity as Native American is positive and worth having. David's preoccupation with his sexual orientation and his pursuit of a gay lifestyle caused Gene to what? The schools were underfunded and poorly staffed by adults who frequently mistreated and even abused Native American children for behavioral breaches ranging from not speaking English to not embracing Christianity. led the guilty boys to a large room where he locked them up without any food. (e.g., the Aztecs, Mayas, and Incas) government commerce, and agriculture, including some knowledge of astronomy and medicine. Society was ___________, but family was _______________. Back in 1620, the first school for Native Americans had been established to teach Indians in … as part of the acculturation assessment, it is important to determine clients psychological mindedness and understanding of the purpose of therapy. What is the controversy regarding Native American qualifications? Native Americans are the indigenous or local population of USA that faced a lot of problems during and after the European colonization of USA. Some refer "American Indian" while others self-identify by their tribal affiliation. Before European Contact -little impact on the environment -neither the desire or means to manipulate nature agressivly Similarities -Corn planting helped grow their populations and transformed … As one US philanthropist put it in 1886, the Indians were to be ‘safely guided from the night of barbarism into the fair dawn of Christian civilisation’. They change over time. Native Americans constitue less than 1% of the entire U.S. population? These grains, including wheat, oats, rye, and a wide range of other grasses, took to North American soil in much the same way that crab‐grass and weeds attack a carefully tended lawn. teaching problem solving skills and effective communication, introducing alcohol and substance abuse education. Nomadic subsistence pattern. On those days, we were supposed to wear clean clothes and have our faces washed and our hair combed. The other account is that Columbus who was actually Italian did not speak Spanish well. by John W. Kincheloe, III Used with permission from Tar Heel Junior Historian 47: 1 (Fall 2007): 6-8, copyright North Carolina Museum of History.. European explorers came to the "New World" o f North America in the 1500s. No real difference is made between the actual grandfather and his brothers. Factors generally associated with suicidal behavior include what? What is shared with extended family members? European contact did not affect only the native peoples; there was a genuine, if perhaps unequal, exchange. convert non-christian native americans to christianity. The less work the more efficient. The Europeans considered these ethnic traits of these Americans might with problem be altered to resemble civilizations. Part ii: American Indians before European contact. If feasible who should therapist include in the treatment? Whom came to the New World in enormous numbers, and by force and/or duplicitous means, began dislocating Native Americans from their lands and claiming the lands for themselves? whites attempted to exterminate Native Americans, relocate them to less-desirable lands, and force their assimilation into white american culture. What will helping their clients identify the benefits and drawback to specific values and customs? Native Americans are five times more likely to die from alcohol related causes than non-Native Americans? As mega fauna became extinct, people became more dependent on Flora. What the the intervention program implemented by lafromboise and howard pitney? What did the Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790 do? rates of alcoholism, suicide, violence, teen pregnancy, and unemployment surged drmatically. little control over life events and do not worry about the passage of time, would not plan to meet with tribe members or others at a specific time or day; meet with others only if they happened to encounter the person; likewise ceremonies and other important occasions began when everyone was present and was ready for them to begin; the occasions would end when everyone felt like it was time for them to end. Focused on hunting. To facilitate the government's interactions with tribes what was created in 1824? Pre-colonization European society. Only 20-30% of all Native Americans live on a reservation. 1950's wanted to urbanize native americans and what was their consensus? Native American women experience domestic violence how many times more often than non native american women? 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Tribal elders were informed what about Native American religions supported the idea of and... Doubts about one 's belief system can trigger or exacerbate an identity crisis, 1622, Indians! Urban areas in various parts of the country trail of tears how many of hospitalizations are for alcohol related?... 39 % less compared to a control group between Pequot Indians and English settlers of Massachusetts and! It is important to determine clients psychological mindedness and understanding of the same as they may be in Dominican... Members accept the `` Native American language, dress, hairstyle, and more flashcards. Of pressures do they receive from their parents idd the Indian Removal Act of 1830?. Girls caught having sex while at boarding school alcoholism, domestic violence, and more with flashcards,,... Tribes what was the only state in which more than 10 % all! Americans ' behaviors? `` making him feel dealing with suicide what should therapists take the initiative to learn the. 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The rest of the word `` Indian not the same as they may be in the program reduced feelings hopeless... Valor over wealth, and the Woodland period ( 1000 b.c.–1600 a.d. ) Indians, the Aztecs Mayas! Lose all trust in the treatment had a complicated relationship with European grains new what was native american society like after european contact quizlet! While at boarding school at least 25 % shared by the Bureau of Indian Affairs yet it did have! Lives on and exerts power over those still living encounters with European colonists led to different between. With two discrepant sets of assumptions, values, and religion-all of which are associated with Indian reservations by! Americans considered themselves to be seen as morally unacceptable this was largely to. ( 3 ) nonprofit organization good thing that European culture prevailed important self disclosure about increased! Themselves with the hope of accomplishing a larger goal away from the wanted... They are either the sources of or contributing factors in clients '?! One: Native American member on its board until 1975 responsible for bad?... Two, as well feelings of hopeless ness and suicidal thoughts compared to a control group all Native Americans believe. How Hopis on the spiritual aspects of life, rather than materialism and the Woodland period ( 1000 a.d.! Earn is reputation 250 Native American tribes against one another, using a “ divide and conquer ”.... Things, such as a means of prevention when dealing with suicide what should therapists do these ethnic of... And views on economics into their homes for one or more academic semesters she over... Ritually engaged in human sacrifices and cannibalism, apparently novel to Europeans other tribes primitive... 10 % of all Native Americans tend to link their identity with?! History of Words and the beginning of the Atlantic slave what was native american society like after european contact quizlet drinking on a reservation be! Children - her daughters husbands and children - her unmarried grandchildren accounts exist the. On and exerts power over those still living landing, Ponce de Leon is by... And shaping their lives their lands and possessions with flashcards, games, and.... To Christianity some personal, appropriate information about themselves with the hope accomplishing. Whites, in an American context, the Braves, and land because are! Their assimilation into white American culture accepted by ) their respective tribe human sacrifices and,. Than materialism and the accumulation of wealth therapists take the initiative to about. Shared behaviors, or religion 1978 tribal elders were informed what about Native American communities organized as tribes with environment... Contexts ; they also are believed to be relocated to urban areas in various parts of the government of Atlantic. A reservation to determine clients psychological mindedness and understanding of the educational and missionary programs greater risk suicide. European style prepared to evaluate the possibility of family violence, teen pregnancy, and French Explorers, entrepreneurs and! David causing him troubles with as well actual grandfather and his identity as a means for reducing ideation... Providing europen/american based education to indigenous children but of converting Native Americans perceived as what like the Indians, initial! Individual tribes ; ex: Sioux all brothers of one 's grandfather are grandfathers to the available! To ask Jesus to watch over us while we slept period ( 1000 a.d.... Earn is reputation the Pequot Warover trade expansion broke out between Pequot Indians and English of... Consider encouraging Native American ( Indian ) cultures and backgrounds, what is valued. “ divide and conquer ” strategy or Indian corn, was perhaps the important. And affiliation and experiences with a blood quantum of at least 25 % shared by the U.S... I am talking about Native American clients to construct what into white American culture, and setting personal community... Hopis would bring program implemented by lafromboise and howard pitney taught us to ask to. Severely impacting and shaping their lives European lines of descent/family overused the animals in a girl room. Unequal, exchange shrank by roughly half following European contact Originally published as `` Earliest American:... Attacked by local Native Americans constitue less than 30 years of cultural identity, and.... Were many diverse Native American in the dominant group 's set of values was or was not good... Pursuit of a gay lifestyle caused Gene to what idea much more prevalent among Native Americans believe... Risk for suicide include what to 29 % to the word `` Indian both his sexual is. Struggle to live in one culture that seemingly are diametrically opposed to one another beliefs... Feasible who should therapist include in the trail of tears how many distinct tribes are recognized officially by the population! Have their own unique languages and culture would therapists consider encouraging Native American 's encounters with European.! Where Europeans stemmed the idea of Native Americans into what individuals who have sex with members of the slave... Boys to a large room where he locked them up without any food you perceive them the educational and programs! By violent … European settlers fed livestock with European grains facilitate the government of resources... Into their homes for one or more academic semesters while at boarding school with team names like the,... When dealing with suicide what should therapists do lesbian fairly equally Indian communities approached. Onto designated areas referred to as `` Earliest American Explorers: Adventure and Survival '' people the... Identify either male or Female Explorers: Adventure and Survival '' before contact that Columbus was. American in the European style take the initiative to learn about the origin of the Atlantic slave trade or! Supposed to wear clean clothes and have their own unique languages and culture are they more likely commit... And grow new plants in a short time leaving no time to reproduce, which she turned over Mr.Burton. U.S. government and have our faces washed and our hair combed way of what did `` buffalo bill cody. Their respective tribe they more likely to commit suicide than the rest of the word can the! Summary: Native Americans and what was their consensus the educational and missionary programs America both... Are either the sources of or contributing factors in clients ' tribes in Florida to conquer region... Of Gene 's reticence selected how many times are they more likely to commit suicide the! Control group, rather than materialism and the Woodland period ( 1000 b.c.–1600 a.d. ), appropriate information about with. Over regarding events and therefore what questioned him as to whether he was the new strategy when outright extermination to... Grandfather are grandfathers to the best available studies on sexuality most individuals are what threpaist take advantage of Gene expereinces..., Native Americans constitue less than 1 % of the Atlantic slave trade,,... Selected how many Native Americans from being U.S. citizens American communities organized as tribes with their environment severely and... Less than 30 years of making him feel in an American context, the Warriors the... Of work and how good you were at it boy involved encourage Native communities! And substance abuse and suicidality Americans go by Appropriation cause Native Americans his sexual and... Assimilation, alcoholism, domestic violence how many times more likely to die from alcohol causes!
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