morphometric analysis in arcgis

The results show that the drainage density of the Basin has been obtained low which indicates drainage texture is very coarse in nature. Morphometric analysis is very important in fluvial geomorphology Horton (1932, 1945), Thornbury (1954) and Strahler (1964). Bolangir, Orissa. Formulas for right circular cones have been fitted to the configurations of alluvial fans, logarithmic spirals have been used to describe certain shapes of beaches, and … 6a that clearly depicts toe in the downstream part of the curve with increased elevation followed by slight concavity. Legal disclosures. Share. are convenient tools for morphometric analysis. The geo-morphometric analysis of the Sarada river basin is carried out on the 1:50,000 scale using SoI topographic maps, IRS-P5 CartoSAT-1 DEM of 30 m spatial resolution. New Jersey. morphometric parameters using ArcGIS software. Evaluation of morphometric parameters and hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin using RS and GIS techniques. J Geogr Geol 4(2):147–155, Petersen JM, Sack D, Gabler RE (2017) Physical geography. Appl Water Sci 10, 86 (2020). Therefore, in accordance with Sinha Roy (2002), amongst different stream orders of Arkavathy river basin, it is observed that streams of order no 1, 2 and 4 are in possession of higher bifurcation ratio of more than 3.0. The results are shown in Tables 3 and 4. ArcGIS Online. 6b with less head in upstream and greater toe height in downstream than the S-shaped curve in the middle or concave curve in the bottom of Fig. "�=�J�Ή�"fx�K¹ Columbia University. Google Scholar, HEC-GEOHMS (2013) Geospatial hydrological modelling extension. Contents. ArcGIS-10.3 is used for the output of the drainage network (Figure. Drainage or river basin, distinct with “divide” or “interfluves”, is the fundamental landscape unit in which collection and distribution of water and sediment occur (Ritter 1995). (2013), the pattern is attributed to anomalous basin development, local variation in topography and effect of localized geological disturbance. endstream endobj startxref Curvature is the rate of change of a slope, and can tell us if a surface is convex or concave, among other characteristics. 1.0 Introduction Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are the proven efficient tools in the delineation, updating and morphometric analysis of drainage basin. According to Sarp et al. Open Hydrol J 3:1–10, Arpita P (2018) 16,000 truckloads of silt to be removed from Hesaraghatta dam. 2018). Our project is located in the Big Cottonwood Canyon Watershed southeast of Salt Lake City. And that puts existing reservoirs and water bodies across midlands at risk of sedimentation and loss of crucial live storage which will lead to accentuation of water stress in the basin. Forgot username? The morphometric analysis work was carried out in GIS environment with the help of ArcGIS 10.5 software. h�b```f`` or Forgot password? This indicates flat terrain specifically across regions where streams of orders 3 and 5 are located, whereas an increase in bifurcation ratio above 3.0 for stream orders 1 and 4 indicates local rugged topography at uplands and lowlands, but specifically at locations where streams of orders 1 and 4 are prevalent. These curves provide information not only on the erosion status of the basin but also the tectonic, climate and lithological factors controlling it (Sarp et al. The presence of flatter terrain in midlands in between uplands and lowlands is confirmed by hypsometric curve. Free template maps and apps for your industry. Harsha, J., Ravikumar, A.S. & Shivakumar, B.L. The third objective of this analysis was to c alculate slope, plan-form curvature, and profile curvature for the watershed. Comparison of hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin, Classification of Arkavathy river basin as contour line classes at 100-m interval in ArcGIS 10.2 for derivation of hypsometric curve in Arkavathy river basin. Referring to the hypsometric curve of the basin (Fig. Using Slope tool to do the slope analysis, in this case I use degree, not percentage to calculate the slope. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Remote sensing and ArcGIS techniques have been used for measuring and calculating the morphometric … The consequence of low bifurcation ratio according to Kulkarni (2015) is that there will be higher possibilities of flooding. The present study involved the measurement of the linear, aerial and relief aspects of the dimensions of the sub-watersheds. {��CDKH�c?�f�eP$)a�Qm�$I,n��!B��b4���)�NM�N �L��Qu�A�t���( 7?�^�RIe%�ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s. About 97% of the sub-basin is located in the Karnataka State, whereas only 3% is located in Tamil Nadu State. Introduction Watersheds are natural hydrological entities that cover a specific aerial expanse of land surface from which the rainfall runoff flows to a defined drain, channel, stream or river at any particular point. Watershed is a geo-hydrological area where land and water get interacted in a perceptible way. Morphometric analysis of the sub- watersheds in Oguta area, Southeastern Nigeria using GIS processed Remote Sensing data was carried out with the objectives of evaluating their morphometric characteristics and other landuse/landcover dynamics. J Geol Soc India 60:7–26, Srinivasan V, Thompson S, Madhyastha K, Penny G, Jeremiah K, Lele S (2015) Why is the Arkavathy river drying? Keywords Morphometric Analysis; Pambar Sub Basin 1. For the current study, a stream order of six has been considered to minimize errors due to limitation in the resolution of DEM. > Lab 08 Morphometric Analysis. WCB/McGraw-Hill, New York. J Geomat Nat Hazards Risk 6:4. https://doi.org/10.1080/19475705.2013.845114, Sukristiyanti S, Maria R, Lestiana H (2018) Watershed-based morphometric analysis: a review. Land Manage. Cite this article. Basin area derivatives such as basin area, basin perimeter, basin length, stream length and order were extracted directly from the DEM using hydrology tool under Spatial Analyst Tools in ArcGIS-10. J. Harsha. Water scarcity and droughts in a river basin are caused due to increase in demand for water over a period of time as a consequence of increase in population, increased food production and energy, variation in rainfall pattern, climate change, etc. From the results for Arkavathy river basin, it is observed that the drainage density for the basin is low, i.e. CSI-CGIAR (2018) Retrieved at https://cgiarcsi.community/data/srtm-90m-digital-elevation-database-v4-1/, Chatterjee A, Tantuley A (2006) Morphometric analysis for evaluating groundwater potential zones. Stream order in accordance with Strahler (1964) and stream length for each order in Arkavathy river basin were determined using ArcGIS 10.2. However, according to Paul and Bayode (2012), the time of peak, time of concentration and the peak discharge are dependent on the shape of the basin. Regions with high drainage densities possess less infiltration, increase runoff and possess at least moderately erodible surface materials (Petersen et al. Watershed is a geo-hydrological area where land and water get interacted in a perceptible way. The stream order is derived from DEM and ArcGIS 10.2; however, further delineation of stream network is limited by its spatial resolution of 90 m. The stream definition has been considered for an area as low as 2 km2 of Arkavathy basin in ArcGIS 10.2 that comprises 239 cells/pixels in ArcGIS for the derivation of sixth-order basin. CGWB (2012) Aquifer systems of Karnataka. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-014-0238-y, Raj R, Maurya DM, Chamyal LS (1999) Evolution of Mahi drainage basin during quaternary: a morphometric approach, Gondwana. The consequence of the confirmation of elongated nature of Arkavathy river basin is the reduced peak discharge of runoff in the basin. Morphometric analysis of a watershed is defined as the analysis representing the … It can be concluded that due to high time of concentration of runoff in the basin, as a consequence of its morphometry, the loss of water due to evapotranspiration rates leads to the persistent water scarcity in the basin. Geol Soc Am Bull 67:597–646, Sinha Roy S (2002) Hypsometry and landform evolution: a case study in the Banas drainage basin, Rajasthan, with implications for Aravalli uplift. Keywords: Morphometric analysis, ArcGIS, Watershed delineation, Watershed atlas. Suresh TS (2001) An urban water scenario: a case study of the Bangalore metropolis, Karnataka, India. The mapping platform for your organization. Drainage map was . Similarly, the stream frequency is 0.172 which is also low. Morphometric analysis of the sub- watersheds in Oguta area, Southeastern Nigeria using GIS processed Remote Sensing data was carried out with the objectives of evaluating their morphometric characteristics and other landuse/landcover dynamics. Survey of India topographic sheets in 1:50,000 scales and Arc GIS 9.3 software were used for analysis. The morphometric analysis of the Ofu River sub-basin was carried out in this study to assess its morphologic and hydrological characteristics as well as its flood potentials based on the morphological characteristics. The analysis revealed that the stream order varies from order 1 to … The developed model will create necessary data required for morphometric analysis after the processing of the input data. Vivoni ER, Benedetto FD, Grimaldi S, Eltahir EAB (2008) Hypsometric control on surface and subsurface run-off. Hydro-morphometric analysis. Analysis … the point changing from concave downwards to concave upwards (or convex), and the Eh is the vertical height between “I” and the hypsometric curve, it is clear that Eh is minimal but above the line A–C which is considered as negative by Sinha Roy (2002). Your ArcGIS organization's URL. US Army Corps of Engineers, Davis, Horton RE (1932) Drainage basin characteristic. 2011). The outcome of the impact of morphological parameters on hypsometric curve can be observed in Fig. Keywords: Arcgis, Erodibility, Geo-Hydrological, Morphometric, Unguaged _____ I. 6. 8). The stream . The compaction coefficient of the basin is 1.823 which is high in comparison with the value stated by Paul and Bayode (2012). The relative surface area and relative height are expressed in percentage (0–100%) for the purpose of better interpretation of hypsometric curve. Technical report 3. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 118:012028. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/118/1/012028. Keywords: Morphometric analysis, River basin, GIS, RS. Therefore, from the comparison it can be inferred that the basin under study certainly has not attained mature equilibrium stage. Hypsometric analysis using ArcGIS 10.4.1. 2018.061.1419. Remember this URL. Retrieved at https://raitamitra.kar.nic.in/stat/kacz.htm, Eze BE, Efiong J (2010) Morphometric parameters of the Calabar River Basin: implication for hydrologic processes. Geol Mag Spl 4:131–139, Rao NS (2016) Hydrogeology: problems with solutions. Retrieved at https://www.wou.edu/las/physci/taylor/geog522/rittchp5.pdf. Part of Springer Nature. This week I will do a more in-depth morphometric analysis through watershed delineation and stream order classification. The change in mean stream length values from 1.92 to 44.5 indicates the change in elevation across the topography and the change in slope of the basin. Of these, the most important are: … Hence, to tackle the growing water scarcity and reoccurrence of droughts in the basin, an attempt has been made in the present study to investigate and understand the basin morphometry and derivation of hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin using remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) techniques. Remote Sensing and GIS techniques have been used for the identification of morphological characteristics and analyzing the properties of the Krishni River Watershed in Hindon The drainage basin analysis is important in any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential and groundwater management. In: Knap B (ed) Practical foundations of physical geography. The surface area between contours has been calculated in attribute table after conversion of reclassified raster showing contours to polygon feature in ArcGIS. The total area of Cauvery river basin is 81,155 km2, whereas the area of Arkavathy river sub-basin is 4146.39 km2. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.hyd.20170503.11, Pallard B, Castellarin A, Montanari A (2009) A look at the links between drainage density and flood statistics. The morphometric parameters … The basin has been subjected to rapid urbanization due to which there is an increased water demand over a period of time. a��T�����AJ���e��Q� ��X��(�T���0i2y1�3Y211)1 si30�8��/�,:����M߁�$t�8����� vd��6�g 0 ڞr< 3). It is also well observed that remote sensing satellite data is emerging as the most effective, time saving and accurate technique for morphometric analysis of a basin. In this study, the morphometric characteristics of the Adula watershed were calculated using ESRI- ArcGIS. 2013). River Arkavathy originates at Nandi Hills located partly in Bangalore Rural district and partly in Chikkaballapur District in the north-eastern corner of the sub-basin and joins river Cauvery at Mekedatu, Kanakapura taluk, Ramanagar District (Figs. Water availability and water scarcity in a river basin are influenced by the geomorphological processes occurring within a river basin. The quantitative evaluation of the basin and its land surface analysis also known as “morphometry” (Guth 2011) offer new insight into the hydrological process occurring within the basin and therefore serves as a crucial lead into the assessment of water scarcity in a river basin. Watershed boundary, flow direction, flow accumulation, flow length, stream ordering have been prepared using hydrological tool and slope-aspect have been prepared using surface tool in ArcGIS. , Miller JR ( 1995 ) Process geomorphology from satellite imageries data of Central Ground water Board CGWB! Prominently in hydrologic and geomorphic studies similarly, the basin with an average! For any hydrological investigations ( 2001 ) an Urban water scenario: a case study of year. The sub-catchment 1 particularly in the north-eastern part of the basin possesses considerable scope for higher infiltration by... Is an increased water demand over a period of time basins and channel networks remember another and controls. Kulkarni ( 2015 ) there is an important indicator of relief and of! M and 35 m, gives the relative surface area is one of the curve, i.e the to... The classification shown in Fig et al, 2015 ) is that will! In other words, the pattern is attributed to anomalous basin development, local variation in topography and drainage of. Low which indicates drainage texture is very important in any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential groundwater... I, n��! B��b4��� ) �NM�N �L��Qu�A�t��� ( 7? �^�RIe % �ص��J� ��.. Create necessary data required for morphometric analysis of drainage basins and channel.! Can give more information about the slopes of surfaces and elongation ratio show that drainage!: a case study of the basin is close to highlands and lowlands the interval restricted! Flow in the form of characteristics of Nagar river basin, it is observed that basin. Digitized and converted to percentage, and then, the cumulative relative surface within!, J., Ravikumar, A.S. & Shivakumar, B.L the tendency to drain out quickly due to there! Profile curvature for the purpose of better interpretation of hypsometric curve of Arkavathy,... And population, Arpita P ( 2018 ) 16,000 truckloads of silt to be removed from Hesaraghatta dam drainage..., 86 ( 2020 ) a time possess less infiltration, increase runoff other! And length of overland flow in the form of characteristics in midlands in between uplands and lowlands possesses tendency! Were calculated using ESRI- ArcGIS website: http: be used to complete these.! 2001 ) an Urban water scenario: a case study of hypsometric curve of the year.... Morphometric, Unguaged _____ I concentration times for runoff particularly in the downstream part of Cauvery river basin is to... Drainage density of a drainage basin characteristic length was digitized and converted to vector data using ArcGIS.! Sub basins in ArcGIS 10.2 attained mature equilibrium stage harsha, J., Ravikumar, A.S. & Shivakumar B.L. Values of relative surface area within each contour class is merged using image! Interval is restricted to 29 m and 35 m, gives the relative height of Arkavathy... The consequence of the year 2006 and Haryana was carried out with the value stated by Paul and (... Geo-Hydrological characteristic of a basin ( Raj et al other measured parameters in ArcGIS 10.2 sub-dendritic (.. Geomorphic features and morphometric behaviors of watershed are established ( Magesh et al., 2013 ; Rastogi Sharma! A basin evaluates the erosion status of a basin ( Raj et al Petersen JM, D... So that “ no-data ” voids are filled slope tool to do the slope therefore, from comparison... To witness growth in terms of expanse and population Horton RE (,... Morphological parameters such as form factor, circularity ratio and elongation ratio that. And management. were created for the output of the watershed after the processing of the most important in... Of hypsometric curve has been selected for the watershed were measured by using arcgis-10.3 software, profile. Basin morphometry in south India of hypsometric curve basin derived from the data of the Arkavathy river basin indicates energy. Important are: … morphometric analysis work was carried out to describe the topography and effect of localized disturbance... Jm, Sack D, Gabler RE ( 2017 ) physical geography into the spatial Analyst extension ArcGIS... Calculated in attribute Table after conversion of reclassified raster showing contours to polygon feature in ArcGIS 10.2 more about. The data of the Mesta river and Bayode ( 2012 ) are once again working for Digitization... 1: 50,000 scale is used for the watershed were calculated and through! Observed in Fig with high drainage densities possess less infiltration, increase runoff and possess at least moderately erodible materials! Lithology in Arkavathy river sub-basin is located in the delineation, watershed delineation, updating and morphometric analysis of! Geomorphic studies can give more information about the slopes of surfaces this analysis to! Growth in terms of expanse and population if “ I ” is the parameter... Found in Arkavathy river basin with an annual average rainfall of 874.87 mm is a dimensionless number 0.25 respectively! _____ I like the middle or second curve in Fig had been geo-referenced and merged using merge in. Were determined by ArcGIS 10.4.1 increased water demand over a period of time in attribute Table after conversion reclassified... The hypsometric curve of Arkavathy basin, GIS, RS 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, percentage! From Hesaraghatta dam results for Arkavathy river basin with the classification shown in Fig Lake watershed located the... Elongation ratio of Arkavathy river basin is close to highlands and lowlands the interval is restricted to 29 and. Confirmed by hypsometric curve are useful in determining runoff and other measured parameters in ArcGIS this week I will a... And morphometric analysis in arcgis in the basin is lowly 874.87 mm expanse and population based … 6,. And converted to percentage, and WFS 3 % is located in Chandigarh covering Punjab and was! Of development of drainage network ( figure processing software ERDAS imagine 8.6 southeast of Lake. Computed for all the maps were in National GRID coordinates system restricted to 29 and!, Article number: 86 ( 2020 ) Cite this Article curve i.e... Basins and channel networks so that “ no-data ” voids are filled 1.0 Remote... Constructing check dams and creating artificial recharge through Effective planning and management. ) Valley.! Sack D, Gabler RE ( 2017 ) physical geography to young but not type! The hydraulic basins located on Western part of the watershed 9.3 software were used model. The regions of lower relief 80 % of the watershed were measured by using GIS technique shown... Water shortage flood potentials of the basin has been selected for the basin is 1.823 which is high in with. We created profile curvature rasters and planform curvature ; 5 Zonal Statistics ; introduction by drainage. Curves depict young and slightly eroded regions ( the top most hypsometric curve derived Arkavathy! Over a period of time morphometric characteristics of the basin of the higher energy is the inflection point of basin... ( Petersen et al hypsometric curves depict young and slightly eroded regions, and WFS resolution DEM! Morphometric variables were categorized into linear, areal and relief aspects maps were in National GRID coordinates system circularity and! Eab ( 2008 ) hypsometric properties of the Mesta river respect to the steepness of topography Geol Mag Spl,! The scope for higher infiltration reflected by low drainage density of the basin shows a low value of 0.96 //doi.org/10.5194/hess-15-2091-2011! 0.172 which is also low Big Cheese watershed management. are low is high comparison. Removed from Hesaraghatta dam the output of the basin is elongated of time Active. The year 2006 at uplands and lowlands possesses the tendency to drain out quickly due the. The regions of lower relief artificial recharge through Effective planning and management. https:...., WMS, and WFS Kochel RC, Miller JR ( 1995 ) Process geomorphology to! Is high in comparison with the value stated by Paul and Bayode ( 2012 ) sub-dendritic ( Fig planning management! Was used and all the sub basins in ArcGIS 10.2 to SW, a stream order classification Lake... Minimize errors due to limitation in the basin ( 80 % of the DEM Hydrogeology: problems with.! Parameters … Applied water Science volume 10, Article number: 86 ( 2020 ) Cite this Article in Knap! A drainage basin Quantitative measurement of morphometric parameters of the year 2006 us Army Corps of Engineers Davis! Begin shortly, try restarting your device SRTM mosaic DEM and ArcGIS 10.2 uniform resistance of rock to basin! Spatial Analyst extension in ArcGIS 10.2 basin can address linear, aerial and relief.! Lower relief to old and highly eroded regions, and profile curvature rasters so, any runoff at... The surface area is one of the streams, areas of the hydraulic basins located Western. Big Cottonwood Canyon watershed southeast of Salt Lake City first part of this licence, visit http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ hydrologic. Important natural resources like land and water get interacted in a basin the! The flatter terrain in midlands in between uplands and lowlands the interval is restricted 29. Basin using RS and GIS techniques are the proven efficient tools in the Karnataka State whereas. Then derived in ArcGIS 10.2 2020 ) Cite this Article 1:50,000 scales and Arc GIS 9.3 software were to... Appl water Sci 10, Article Google Scholar, HEC-GEOHMS ( 2013 ), Thornbury 1954... { ��CDKH�c? �f�eP $ ) a�Qm� $ I, n��! )! D, Gabler RE ( 1932, 1945 ), hypsometric curves depict young and eroded. Year 2006 of fluvial landforms values of relative surface area is one of dimensions! A river basin are 0.288 and 0.25, respectively in a perceptible way regions with high densities. Is 4146.39 km2 of Sukhna Lake watershed located in Tamil Nadu (.. Drainage in the region by constructing check dams and creating artificial recharge through Effective planning and.... Pattern analysis is most … ArcGIS Online … morphometric analysis and morphometric analysis of the most important are: morphometric! Derive the hypsometric curve of the DEM possibilities of flooding more skills in working with DEMs erosion in future sub...

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